What is the full name of FTP?

File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files between a client and a server on a computer network. Some key things to know about FTP include:

What is the full name of FTP?

What FTP stands for

  • File Transfer Protocol
  • The full name of FTP is File Transfer Protocol
  • It is a standardized protocol that enables transferring of files over a TCP-based network

How FTP works

  • FTP works by establishing a connection between a client and server

  • The user then authenticates through login credentials to access, upload, download files

  • There are two main connections in FTP:

    • Control connection: This connection is used to send commands
    • Data connection: This connection is used to actually transfer the files
  • The connections allow the client to communicate with the server and transfer files between systems

Key Features of FTP

Some key features that enable the functionality of the File Transfer Protocol include:

Communication channels

  • Control channel: Used for commands
  • Data channel: Used for transferring data


  • Authentication: Requires login credentials to access server
  • Encryption: Data can be encrypted during transfer


  • Client: Initiates transfer, sends commands
  • Server: Receives connections; controls access

File operations

  • Upload: Send files from client to server
  • Download: Receive files from server to client
  • Manage: Navigate directories, delete files

Transfer modes

  • ASCII: Transfers text-based files
  • Binary: Transfers non-text files without alteration

Main Functions and Features

The File Transfer Protocol enables a wide range of functions for transferring and managing files over a network.

File transfers

The primary function of FTP is to facilitate transfers of files between systems:

  • Uploading: Transfer files from client to server
  • Downloading: Transfer files from server to client

This allows files to be shared across a network between remote systems.

File management

Beyond basic transfers, FTP also enables other file operations:

  • Navigate directories on the server to access specific file locations
  • List contents of directories
  • Rename files on the server
  • Delete existing files no longer needed
  • Download files for editing/updating and re-upload

These make FTP useful as a file management system.

User access controls

As an earlier internet protocol, FTP includes basic security features:

  • Authentication through username and password restricts access
  • Access control features enable admins to allow or restrict user permissions.

This makes it possible to set up secure FTP servers.

FTP Clients and Servers

The File Transfer Protocol functions through components working on the client-server model:

FTP clients

  • Software applications that initiate FTP connections
  • Enable users to transfer files and navigate remote file directories
  • Examples: FileZilla, WinSCP, browse feature in Nautilus for Linux

FTP servers

  • Program/application that receives FTP connections
  • Controls file access, uploads, downloads based on user permissions
  • Examples: VSFTPD, FileZilla Server, ProFTPD

Together, the FTP client and server enable transferring files across systems over TCP networks.

Advantages of Using FTP

FTP is still widely used today despite newer file transfer technologies due to some key advantages:


  • FTP is supported by all operating systems and browsers
  • Easy to set up FTP servers across platforms


  • FTP protocol requires few computing resources
  • Good for basic file transfers without advanced features


  • Fast enough for transferring larger files
  • Better throughput than HTTP protocol

This makes FTP ideal for frequently transferring documents, multimedia, web content, code repositories etc across systems.

When is FTP used?

FTP continues to be relevant today in cases such as:

Web publishing

  • To upload web pages, code, and media content to web servers
  • Allows updates to live websites

Sharing large files

  • For documents and media that are too large for email attachments
  • Faster speeds than HTTP make it ideal for big transfers

Central file repository

  • Library for files accessed by multiple users across a network
  • Controls access while allowing editing and sharing

Backups and synchronization

  • Keep same data synchronized across multiple servers
  • Schedule automated backups for archival

FTP handles a variety of key file transfer functions for IT teams, developers, creative professionals and more.

Key Takeaways

  • FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol
  • FTP is a standardized network protocol designed for transferring files over TCP-IP networks
  • Key FTP components include the client, server, control connection and data connection
  • FTP enables uploading, downloading, managing and controlling access to files on remote servers
  • It allows fast transfer of large files across reliable TCP connections
  • FTP continues to be relevant today for web publishing, sharing big files, central repositories and backups


In summary, while FTP technology has been around for decades, its ubiquity, speed and lightweight nature keep it relevant for today’s data transfer needs. Understanding the full name of “File Transfer Protocol” and how its underlying client-server architecture works allows IT teams to leverage it effectively as part of a modern file management infrastructure across platforms and networks.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is FTP short for?
    FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.

  2. What does the FTP acronym stand for?
    FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol.

  3. Is FTP short for File Transfer Protocol?
    Yes, FTP is short for File Transfer Protocol.

  4. What’s the full form of FTP?
    The full form of FTP is File Transfer Protocol.

  5. What does FTP mean?
    FTP stands for File Transfer Protocol. It is a standard network protocol used to transfer files between a client and server on a computer network.

  6. What is the full name of File Transfer Protocol?
    The full name of FTP is File Transfer Protocol.

  7. What does FTP enable us to do?
    FTP enables transferring files between a client and server, uploading files, downloading files, managing folders and files, and controlling user access privileges.

  8. Why do we use FTP?
    FTP is commonly used for web publishing, sharing large files across a network, setting up central file repositories accessed by multiple users, and automatic file backups.

  9. What are the key functions of FTP?
    Key FTP functions include transferring files between systems, navigating folders on a remote server, listing folder contents, renaming and deleting files on the server.

  10. What are FTP clients used for?
    FTP clients are applications that allow users to connect to FTP servers, transfer files between systems, and manage folders and files on the remote servers.

  11. What are some examples of FTP clients?
    Some examples of FTP clients are FileZilla, WinSCP, Cyberduck, wsFTP, and the file transfer features built into operating systems and web browsers.

  12. What are FTP servers used for?
    FTP servers are programs that receive connections from FTP clients, controlling file access and enabling file transfers based on user permissions.

  13. What are some FTP server examples?
    Some FTP server examples are VSFTPD, FileZilla Server, ProFTPD, and Microsoft IIS FTP server.

  14. What are the main types of connections in FTP?
    The main connections in FTP are the control connection for commands and the data connection for transferring files.

  15. Why is FTP still used today?
    FTP is still popular today because of its ubiquity, lightweight footprint that requires few computing resources, and fast transfer speeds better than HTTP.

  16. When should I use FTP over HTTP?
    FTP is better for frequently transferring large files, while HTTP is better for occasional transfers of smaller files like web pages.

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